Explain the difference between task-oriented and relationship-oriented leadership behaviors. Both styles have their advantages and disadvantages and can be used effectively within an organization depending on the situation presented.
The difference between task-oriented and relationship-oriented leadership behaviors consists in issues they are focused on. The first approach means that a leader is oriented on the work that needs to be done in order to achieve a desired goal or to fulfill a particular capacity rate. On the other hand, relationship-oriented leadership behavior approach is aimed at team members. A leader is hinged on task motivation, work satisfaction, and general well-being of subordinates.
Task-oriented leadership behavior is the best approach for business when it is necessary to organize a good team which is able to achieve a particular task within a fixed time span using a fixed plan. Every worker has one’s own role. Any rule breaking is not acceptable.
Relationship-oriented leadership behavior is better for organization working with creative projects. Within this approach, employee well-being is directly proportional to the amount of inspiration they get and results they produce. More work satisfaction for employees means more benefits for a business.
Consider the types of communication used at the workplace, particularly e-mail. Do you believe a leader can successfully use e-mail for task-oriented behaviors, relationship-oriented behaviors, or both in an organization?
There are several types of communication used at the work place. These are visual communication: video presentations, various charts and figures on boards; written or typed communication including documents, e-mails, working materials; verbal communication: personal contacts in different types of meetings; and non-verbal communication which can be divided into body language and emotional expressions.
E-mail, as a type of communication, has many advantages to be used in business such as availability, accessibility, speed, freedom of decision, multiple recipients, multiple documents, significant savings, faithful retransmission, effectiveness. To my way of thinking, a leader can successfully use e-mail communication both for task-oriented and relationship-oriented behaviors in an organization. In the first case, e-mails may contain typical tasks with a fixed time span, important information on projects, or a dialogue between members of an organization. Leaders with relationship-oriented behavior can use e-mails as a mean of praising employees’ efforts or expressing gratitude for their good work.