Universal Human Rights

After the Second World War there was need to adopt important international instruments in the ground of human rights and this led to the growth of international law. The law helps in times of war by protecting victims. Human rights may be instrumental and the basic principles of protection in times of peaces though during war time special protection to persons is required. The gratification of some human rights may be restricted during times of war or public emergency leading to the development of some special laws.

War is one of the greatest states of emergency which demands an exception of the basic human rights. According to article 4 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, a state of emergency, is one that pauses threat to the life of a nation (United Nations human rights, ¶4). One of the human rights is freedom of movement. In times of the state may be required to declare a state of emergency. There will be restricted movement of people from different places. This is one of the exceptions and as far as the law may be used, it would be fruitless to fight for this right.

Another violation of the rights is the protection from being harmed. The law protects both the people and the combatants. In times of like in 2001, the military must fight to defeat their opponent. These results in deaths and people are wounded. Everyone is supposed to be protected according to the Universal Law on human rights. Food should also be provided to everyone but some places are usually inaccessible due to the rampant killings and continued fighting. As much as the human rights are enacted they cannot be fully effective. There is always an exception to the laws due to the circumstances prevailing.

Social interactions mostly defined in the cont ext of groups refer, to careful forms of externalities, where procedures of a group influence the behavior and preference of an individual. The indicated group depends on the context and is typically an individual’s surrounding including members of a group, family, neighbors friends or peers. Social interactions are sometimes are affected by status, role, primary groups, and secondary groups. All these factors may affect social interactions positively or negatively. They also determine the level of interactions.

If a group is in its initial stage there will be minimal interactions between the members of the group compared to advanced groups. As the group grows and develops to higher stages members tend to become more social to each other. This is further heighted by the increased activities of the group. At upper stages of group development more and more is done since the group has understood its role and its objective. The main motive that moves them is the attainment of goals. The most social interactions is found in secondary groups rather than in primary groups. Primary groups are usually developed with a main purpose or goal and once the goal or purpose is accomplished the group is dissolved. For secondary groups, most of them emerge in order to interact socially e.g. friendship groups. It’s also possible that a group may emerge after the primary group has finished its purpose leading to increased interactions

The role played by various members also indicates the level and nature of social interactions. For instance mangers do not interact more socially to their juniors than they do with their colleagues in the management. Managers are bound to be found together chatting, having breakfast or even having lunch together. Juniors in an employment move together and are also found together. In the context of a group, members entitled to carry out the same function interact more often than people in the different job categories.