In the history of America, the period of the sixties was an epoch when a new culture has appeared. During this period, new ideas and movements of international variances and domestic issues materialized. The period of sixties is associated commonly with the emergence of various organizations and different ideas. The various organizations held on to conflicting principles and values. Certain organizations, strove to fight for the rights of the blacks and the impoverished especially in the south. Clearly, the period of sixties is eminent for the presence different groups and ideas. It is characterized by oppositions, conflicts, problems, and struggle for freedom. During this period, people championed for civil rights. Social movements, such as the feminists strove to fight for their rights. The feminists struggle to gain the rights and equality for women. Female authors such as Betty Friedan wrote books in the sixties that advocated for the rights of women.
Naturally, the society perceived the woman’s role as giving birth and staying at home to raise the children. The authored books incited women to develop professional lives. During this period, people developed new interests, beliefs, ideas, and organizations, practically. A committee chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt established new laws and rules that guaranteed equal treatment for both genders. Other organizations were developed in order to significantly affect the civil rights Act for women. Still, in this period the country was colored with political and cultural themes. President John Kennedy was elected and he symbolized a spirit of hope for the country (Chafe, 2003). Eventually, he was murdered and many citizens lost their hopes. Practically, the tranquil nature of the country vanished and settled the violence and anger. People began to seek fervently for freedom and civil rights. The citizens began to protest against the discrimination of African American citizens. Other people demanded an end to the Vietnam War.
In this period, the country lost leaders such as Martin Luther King and Robert Kennedy through assassination. People resulted to violence across the cities. In comparison to the period of fifties, people had lost their values, beliefs and principles. In the nineteen fifties, people had stable jobs and were satisfied. They taught their children about hard work and Belief in God. Children were taught many values. Later in the nineteen sixties, the young people neglected their values and beliefs because they did not help in eradicating social and racial challenges. The key elements that illustrate the change of the people’s values and principles were the music, mode of dressing and hair styles. Young men let their hair grow and recorded music such as rock and roll (Chafe, 2003). Many people did not like the music because it was vulgar. The young people expressed their discontent in this music. The young musicians wrote anti-war songs because it had become a violent issue in America.
During this period, people struggle with issues such political wars, Vietnam and Cold war, civil rights movements, culture, racism, gender, foreign policy, economic and social modification. Initially, people questioned the values that were instilled in them during the nineteen fifties. They felt that these values could not help them acquire their freedom. In the nineteen seventies, the radical social and war changes in America intensified. Most of the ideas of the sixties became widely accepted and were mainstreamed into American life and civilization. Evidently, there was growth in space exploration, power in women’s movements, progression in civil rights, and disenchantment of government. People established art & architecture, books and literature, education, technology, film, and sports. Technically, the nineteen seventies was a continuation of the ideas and values developed in the sixties. People had become more innovative and liberal.
In the United States of America, foreign policy illustrates its relations with other countries. It states its standards of interaction for its corporations, firms and citizens. Globally, America is economically very powerful. The foreign policy caters for the interests of the nation and the tactics used to sustain and achieve its goals. Clearly, the goal of the foreign policy as stated by the US department of State is to develop a democratic, flourishing, and secure world in order to benefit America and the globe. Still some of the goals of the American foreign policy include export controls, strategies to promote commercial interaction with other countries, and to protect American business overseas. Moreover, the US is focused on promoting international education and global commodity agreements. In comparison to other countries, globally, America is supported by a $ 15 trillion economy. Approximately, this covers a quarter of the world’s GDP. United States foreign policy and aid focuses on aiding other countries. It is provided in terms of economic and military support. Evidently, the US government and other organizations have many recipients such as developing countries, countries recuperating from conflicts, and other close countries.
Practically, America grants its economic support through agencies such as United States Agency for International Development. America foreign policy focuses on the interests of the country itself and the international community. The politicians are more concerned about expanding the international trade. They strive to maintain international relations with other countries. It can be viewed from a pragmatic perspective. In an instance, through global commodity agreements, America benefits from raw materials imported from other countries. In exchange, it grants these countries economic support. On the other hand, the US offers military support to other vulnerable countries. Therefore, America foreign policy does not solely benefit America but also the international community. It liberates commercial and social interaction.
Since nineteen forties, a pragmatic American foreign policy was active. During this period, the global issues were clouded with the cold war. This war involved the USA and its collaborators facing the Soviet Union and its partners. There was a continuous threat of a disastrous nuclear war. In this period, America still offered its partners with economic, military and diplomatic help. Eventually, the Soviet Union and its partners broke out (Heale, 2001). The communist movement globally fell out. The US and its collaborators aided some of the communist countries that were faced with war with military support. America foreign policy is a channel that America employs to support other countries and gain international relations. It is a way of conducting American business. Though America transacts business through the American foreign policy, other countries also benefit from its support.
After the cold war, the world was faced with new challenges, which included climate changes, nuclear terrorism (Heale, 2001). The explanatory theory involves data that explains the cause of an event. The theory of explanation focuses on identifying the root cause of a phenomenon. It is specifically analytical. Due to the challenges that the world is facing today, scientists and scholars have become analytical. They develop the theories of explanation in order to identify causes of events such as global warming. Moreover, scientists analyze nuclear explosions, outer space, and the existence of unobservable units. Therefore, people still rely on the explanatory theory.