The Nazi and the Stalin regimes have made a mark in history due to the forms of atrocities that were committed by the leaders during the time of their regimes. The Nazi rule was responsible for the death of millions of Jews in what is today referred to as the holocaust, while the Stalin regime saw to thousands of deportation occurred in an effort to remove those who were termed as unfit form the society. They were also responsible for the formulation of the gulag, a system that was repressive and which was adopted by the Nazi regime. It involved forced labor in detention camps b y both regimes.
The Nazi and the Stalin regimes were marred by powerful and dictatorial rule in the period of the 1930s. Adolf Hitler was in control of Germany while Joseph Stalin ruled over the former Soviet Union. Their way of rule was similar as they were different. While Hitler enforced Nazism and anti-Semitism, Stalin employed communist ideologies in his rule. They did not stand for individual freedoms and rights but that the nation was to have one leader and a single party nation that was to be the overall ruler. They did not stand for limited power or a similar system of governance but imposed their rule over the people by employing the very channels such as the police, who were supposed to be responsible for their protection, to rain terror on them.
They had wrong interpretations of the term Communism and socialism and instead of having the needs of their statesmen they put their own and those of a few others at the top and sought to get rid of those they termed as unwanted and they performed cleansing by killings of a few ethnic communities. Such is the case of the Nazi regime which only had the term communism at face value. There have been several attempts by historians and other authors to compare both the Nazi and the Stalinism regimes. One thing is certain that their actions adversely affected history in the 20th century and the effects are still being felt to date. They were at constant loggerheads with the western countries who ruled their countries under a capitalistic administration.
Comparison of the Stalinism and the Nazi regimes
In both of the regimes they used violence on the masses.
In both of the regimes they used the services of the secret police that conducted searches and were responsible for the execution of the rule of law enforced by the regimes. In the Soviet Union under the leader ship of Joseph Stalin they employed the use of the NKVD. Although they include regular police firefighters and so forth their actions were far protection and serving the residents but are infamously connected with the thousands of judicial killings and running of the gulag system of administration. In this system they incorporated forced labor of the targeted masses, they were involved in the massive extractions of entire target nationalities, and they ran the incarceration camps. It is this group that was tasked with promoting and putting in force of the policies of the Stalinist regime. They did this by involving other communist movements and having them adopt the given policies to further strengthen their rule.
The Nazi regime under the leadership of Adolf Hitler employed the services of the SS which was the abbreviation for the Schutzstaffel. They were the armed faction of the Nazi regime. They were formed by Hitler in 1925 and at the time they were an elite establishment that he used for his personal security. They grew in stature and power as the Nazi regime continued to spread its rule all over Germany and the surrounding nations .headed by Heinrich Himmler, they were elite and by the time of the Nazi regime taking total control In 1993, they had grown from a small group of 300 to a small army of over 50,000 men. They were placed and ranked higher than any other law enforcement especially the SA whom they ousted and reduced to mere puppets and acted as their subordinates. They gained control of the police services and the military crippling them and any political influence they had. They were divided into the general SS and the dreaded Gestapo. The Gestapo carried out political assassinations much as the NKVD in the Soviet Union (rapp).
Mass violence and killings were readily accepted in the societies and were initiated by the respective administrations. It is this violence that led to the great in the former Soviet Union and the holocaust in Germany. In his rule, Stalin sought to rid the country of undesirable characters that included former convicts, juvenile felons, the homeless who were placed in settlements away from the society and in these settlements they were subjected to hard labor. He was a los involved with massive ethnic deportations that saw thousands of Koreans, Ukrainians, and residents of Polish and German descent. In his decision he stated that they were likely to fall and follow the western capitalistic way of life.
Though both of these regimes used deportations they differed in their reasons for doing so. In the soviet union, it was meant to have minorities removed for what the administration considered to be strategic locations, while in the Nazi regime the reason behind the deportations was to have those who were of pure German origin to settle in the country and have all others done away with a result that saw Both of the regimes introduce concentration camps where many were killed and just as much subjected to hard forced labor.
Use of bio politics in their regimes.
Bio-politics is defined in many ways but the main ideology is that it offers to a relation between biotechnology and the politics of a nation. In both of these regimes they were very concerned with the decrease in levels of the fertility within them and this could translate negatively on the upcoming generations as there would not be a generation to inherit their ideologies. In this regard the regimes sough to incorporate their rule of law into the health care system so as to have them implemented and to avoid the interference by foreign based influences.
The Nazi regimes did not make any significant changes to the system that had been put in place by Otto von Bismarck in 1883. Instead they constructed their own form of administration around this established one. The Soviet Union on the other hand had to build a health care system from the ground to make it accessible to the public. By implementing their ideologies they were able to regulate the health care system. The Nazi regime put in place new regulations that were racially discriminative to those who were deemed unsuitable.
Both regimes used xenophobic violence on the masses.
Xenophobia in this case can be said to be the fear of persons from another country. Both of the regimes used this phobia in their quest to rid their countries of those they termed as unclean and unwanted. In the Nazi regimes, the main reason for the deportations of marginalized groups was to make room for the Germans in the country; to have them have the first priority when it came to the resources and other services provided by the government. It was done in the open and Hitler was very vocal about it. Majority of those who faced this were Jews many of whom were killed in gas chambers in the concentration camps or worked to death, faced torture and other forms of crimes against them for the mere reason that it was decided they were not worth. Others were blacks who were reduced to nothing and were ranked lower than animals. Hitler took it upon himself to rid the country of these characters by having ethnic cleansing carries out by the Gestapo.
The Soviet Union was more concealed in its efforts of targeting those it labeled as unsuitable. Their reasoning was that they wanted to remove the socially unaccepted persons in the nation who could be easily swayed by other movements that went contrary to their communist philosophies. It was clear that Stalin was fearful of the fact that these minority groups would join forces with other and bring down the Soviet Union (Jews). Such was the case when in 1937, the Stalin administration declared the deportation of Koreans who had resided in the border of the soviet union and Korea which at the time was under the rule of the Japanese. They sought to avoid a situation in which the Japanese would form an alliance with the Koreans and take control of the oil rich lands they resided in. this marked the deportation of over 170,000 Koreans and it brought in to the light the xenophobia by the soviet union as one where they were skeptical of other nationalities that they could be influenced by anti-communism ideologies and crumble the soviet union.
Various killings committed by both regimes
It has been suggested that the policies applied by the Nazi regime of authoritarianism were borrowed from the Soviet Union. Such is the system of the gulag that saw forced labor and concentration camps for those targeted by the administration. However, the extent to which the crimes committed in the two regimes are similar end here. It’s clear that the Nazi regime comes out an animal in this. The way in which the Stalin regime targeted those it claimed were not socially fit is a far cry from the outright target and subsequent ridding off of the Jews in the Nazi regime.
Advocacy of socialism as an ideology
The Nazi regime was of the opinion that the term socialist translated to a situation where there is a rise of the majority and the dominant race. Although the party he formed by the time he was ascending to power was based on socialist ideologies, they were only at face value and a ploy to quell the anxieties of the minority and show that they were also part of the change. Such words as nationalism and communism were not to be in effect in any way and this was witnessed in the later actions of the Nazi regime and by the imposing of a regime that was only favorable for the German race. He did not have the intention of following up on any of the promises and objectives he had put in place.
On the other hand, Stalin was set in his ways and fully implemented the mandate of the communist ideology.
The emergence of the ‘new man’
Both regimes were of the opinion that a middle class nation was far from outdated and had surpassed its time in the world. They believed in a single leadership administration that was to rule over all the subjects in the nation. The rights and the freedoms of an individual were not offered but were done at the liberty of the leader. They were in agreement that the only way to totally have their ideologies fully implemented in the world was to create the dawn of a new man. However, the way forward for this to happen was differed in its execution. Hitler’s understanding was the rise of a master race, rather than that of the oppressed and poor, that would be dominant in all of Europe and they would be responsible for the creation of a new chain of command in the area. Stalin’s idea of the new man involved the liberalization of the human race in its totality.
Contrast of regimes.
This was the greatest difference. The Former Soviet Union was under the communism rule. A communist regime is one in which the rulers and the administration at large practices the socialist movement that allows for common ownership of wealth and resources within the state, the ideologies are extended to the economic, political and social establishment. This communist movement has had varied interpretations as was the case in the former Soviet Union. It is many times used interchangeably with socialism however; the Marxist theory is of the opinion that socialism is just one of the transitions to the effect of communism. It affords for a classless and a stateless society is characterized by having the decisions made while considering the well-being of the entire population. It can be describe as a society of the working class, manned by and for the working class. They do not have a place for the rich capitalists who in most cases will control the wealth and the production and distribution in a given state. Communism states will place the interest of the inhabitants of the given state in an equal manner, although no measures were put in place by the founders of the theories, it seems that the intention was to have the communism adapted and interpreted by a given community and putting in place its own terms and conditions.
The Nazi regime did not stand for this rule of law. Since it has the distribution of wealth in a nation, it would see the Hitler administration lacking the financial assistance they required to gain control. Without such finances at their disposal they would not have succeeded in their movement and achieved the milestones they did. It would have meant for there being some form of equality with members of the same race they were trying to rid the nation of.
Extent of violence by the regimes
After the fall of the Soviet Union, the doors for the gulag were opened and the survivors of the incarceration who numbered to 3 million were allowed their freedom and given the opportunity to go back to their homes. On the other hand after the fall of the Nazi rule, many of the camps were found to have barely living skeletons of inmates who awaited their inevitable deaths. The magnitude of atrocities conducted by the Nazi regime has left a mark in history one that is still felt to date.
Communist regimes were wide spread in the 20th century and it saw mass killings that totaled to over 100 million deaths worldwide. Many of these deaths were as a resulted of ill placed policies and poor decisions taken by the administrators of the time.