The current soviet union of Russia had it roots and basement from the series of Russian revolutions which took place in the country in within the first quarter of the twentieth century (Kamenski%u012D & Griffiths, New York). The revolutions which took place consecutively in February and March of the year 1917 were the major imposing event in the Russian revolution. Before the time, the army of the Russian country was headed by the commander General of the Army called Tsar. Though many people saw his leadership as unfit, he assumed the total and full control of the army. However, his weak leadership traits manifested by the uncalled for high levels of autocracy saw him deposed and his reign substituted by that of the provisional government formed by the Russian union provisional government.
The account of events
After the world war with the German country, Russian faced many economic hard times. Hunger and general increase in the level of need was manifest across the country. Many people of the country attributed this to the poor leadership of the Tsar commonly referred to as Nicholas II of Russia (Fitzpatrick). The citizens and then lost confidence in the leader whom they viewed to have caused the much human suffering in the country by leading the army and the country into war with Germany. As a result, there was a cross dissident and un easiness of the people across the country. Remarkable events then followed which ensured that the leader was overthrown.
From as early a march 7th 1917, the workers took to the streets in a strike to the government to take initiative and improve the living conditions. This was a big coincidence with the following date, on 8th of March which was the women’s international day. Instead of celebrations to mark the important occasion, the women too took to the streets and did the mighty bread strike to show that there was need to improve the food situation in the country (Goloboy). The following days of March 9th and 10th saw more demonstrations of the people and more pressure was developed on the leadership. They also demanded the immediate resignation of the Tsar.
Notably, Tsar was not willing to relinquish the state power he held at the time. This saw the unethical act he did of commanding the troops to fire live guns to the demonstrators on the 11th of March. Out of the act, the Duma group which had been all along loyal to the leader urged him to take an immediate action to address the plea of the people (Kamenski%u012D and Griffiths). This move was an indication that they were no longer with the incumbent reign and so the Duma was dissolve with immediate effect by the leader.
However, things had gone haywire for the Tsar leader. This is because the following day, on the march 12th, many of the soldiers became disloyal to him and abandoned him for the opposing force to depose the poor leadership of Tsar (Moggach). They thus shifted their loyalty to the rioting group against the leader. This left the leadership powerless and vulnerable and the leader could not sustain the situation any further. He then tried to move into exile through the train on the march 14th but was arrested and forced to abdicate power on the march 15th.
The provisional government
The Russians soviet unions otherwise referred to as the workers council was then at the centre of the country political leadership and management (Perry, Chase and Jacob). The workers council union gave the provisional government the opportunity to take the full control of the country after the February 1917 first revolution. They however retained the legitimate power to make the major decisions in the government. Major decisions which were thus made concerning the military rule and regulations were vested in the hands of the Soviet Union. The main idea behind the whole arrangement was to ensure that the Russian army which had been greatly weakened by the First World War with Germany would be reformed and made strong once again.
However, things did not work out according to the workers plans. The provisional government which they allowed to rue did act ultra vires to the needs of the workers union. Instead of ending the war which had greatly weakened the army, the provisional government took the initiative to carry on with the war (Rosenberg). This infuriated the workers network union in the country. Having been lead by a number of people who advocated for the socialism state, they did the much they can to campaign against the initiative which the provisional government took to continue with the war.
Abolishment of provisional government
The worker’s union subsequently formed their own army which finally had a formidable force to exert more pressure on the provisional government to abandon the war. This therefore saw the formation of the famous guards which was later renamed the red army of the worker militia alliance. This red army became the major force of recon to the provisional government in the second revolution of the Russian country which took place in the later days of the year (Spielrogel). It is important to note here that it is during this time that the Russian country had been ruled by two centers of power that is the provisional government and the workers alliance of the country under the manifestation of the red army.
The October revolution
The second revolution in Russia in the year 1917 took place in the month of October. The major focus in the second revolution was to overthrow the rule of the provisional government. The Soviet Union leaders took over control of the Moscow and St Petersburg towns which were considered to be the major strong hold of the provisional governments rule. The aftermath of the take over saw the Bulshieks who lead the workers union apportioning themselves the various government public offices and positions so as to implement their socialistic ideology. This was the marking point in the formation of the now famous USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics).
Causes of the revolution
A number of factors worked in unison to cause and advance the need of the Russian revolution (Whelan). These causal factors could be broadly categorized into four sections, including the weakened state and nature of the Russian economy, the weaknesses of the Tsar, the fist world war and tsar’s mistakes. These factors contributed in major ways to see the leadership of the country change from autocratic to the socialistic state which is now the common and popular USSR (Perry, Chase and Jacob).
The world war which saw the country actively involved wit the German country was the major factor towards the Russian revolution in the early months of the year 1917. It is imperative to note that during the war, many resources of the country were diverted to the war. A lot of investments were therefore made in the war machinery and less focus was made on the sustenance of the people of the nation. At the same time, less investments, trade and economic activities were made during the war. The few which were in the country were also greatly destroyed during the war with the Germany (Goloboy).
The resultant effect t was that the people reached a point where those resources which were available in the country could not sustain their needs. As a result, there was a serious deficit in the food security situation in the country with increased levels of inflation. The living standards of the people thus deteriorated to great levels and the people had no otherwise but to turn against the Tsar reigns which lead the country into war with Germany against their wish (Rosenberg).
These situations imply that as a leader, Tsar error and did act in ways which were not approved. The results were far reaching and the people were seriously hit by the aftermath of the war. Tsars’ faults were further aggravated by the fact that he ordered the army to shoot and kill the demonstrators who were calling for his action o the current situation in the country (Goloboy). This was not in line with the majority who consequently revolted against the leader tsar. Thy thus did a series of strikes which finally became a success and the leader was arrested and forced to relinquish the power to the provisional government.
The shift of the loyalty of the soldier from the Tsar rule to join the rioting opposition crowned it all. On the paradigm shift, the leadership and reign of Tsar became vulnerable and was further wakened. The people thus got the opportunity to put more pressure on the leader who finally threw in the tower and left the leadership of the country (Spielrogel). This also meant that the people learnt that the more unified they would be, the more strong they would become, and the development of the concepts of socialism began to take roots in the country. They were therefore in a good position to overthrow the provisional leadership which did not conform to their needs by their continued support of the war. The people thus began forming strong network of unions ad their own militia groups which they used as their red guards to out do the provisional government barely five months after assuming leadership (Fitzpatrick).
Impacts of Russian revolution
End of an autocratic rule
One of the major impacts of the Russian revolution was the substitution of the autocratic rule for the socialistic approach to the political rule in the country (Moggach). The revolution which did saw the autocratic rule headed by the Tsar being replaced by the provisional government, which was closely monitored by the Soviet Union in March 1917. On realization that the provisional government was not for their ideology, and continued the support of the war, they organized themselves and took the total control of the leadership in the late months of 1917 (Rosenberg). The autocratic rule which lead to war was thus replaced by the socialist government of the soviets in the month of October in the same year. The Russian revolution was thus very paramount in the major changes of the political system and governance.
Educational reforms and industrial growth
Another important aspect of the Russian revolution was the advancement of the educational reforms in the country. With the change of political policies and procedures, the socialist government put more focus in the development of sound educational system in the country which saw the educational levels improve considerably. Consequently, the improved educational policies lead to improved and great industrial growth in the country (Spielrogel). This was because the leaned citizens were able to invest in the country affairs and looked into the ways of improving their dilapidated country after the First World War.
Development of USSR as a superpower
Notably, more growth was also manifested I the emergence of the USSR as a major centre of power in the world. The spirited efforts which were put in pace to ensure that the country was in the right tract of economical and political development bore fruits to the socialist government (Fitzpatrick). The government thus worked to make the country another major super power in the world where there was equal provision of the equal rights to all citizens in the country.
From the above in depth analysis of the Russian revolution, it can be found out that the well known and popular soviet union was developed from the effects of the First World War. The war which Russia was actively involved saw their weakening political and economical statuses. These worsening situations made the citizens of the country to push for reforms and finally changed the system of leadership from autocratic to the socialistic nature. The social government and rule thus saw the prosperity t of the current powerhouse country many people know today as USSR.