Validity

In research methods, validity refers to the ability of findings of a research study to truly represent the phenomenon that a researcher is measuring. Kirk and Miller (2009) define validity as the extent to which a research study measures the subject that it is supposed to measure. Validity is an important element of a research because it helps in ensuring accurate application and interpretation of results of the study. Research validity can be either internal or external. Internal validity refers to the ability of independent variables in a test to produce accurate results as stated in the ...

Suicide in Adolescence

Suicide is a reaction of a person to the problem, which seems to be insuperable, such as alienation, death of relatives, a broken family, and serious physical illness, impossibility to find work, financial difficulties, or a drug addiction. For the last few years, the number of young people, who chose a suicide as one of the ways to solve vital problems, has increased drastically. The subject of a suicide behavior is rather serious and demands critical evaluation and research on the real reasons leading people to physical destruction of the organism. Moreover, this type of the children’s and t ...

The Foundation of the Canon

Globally, Christians refer to the canon of the New Testament as a set of books that constitute the New Testament of the Holy Christian Bible. Christians believe that the authors of these books of the Holy Bible were divinely inspired. The set of books of the canon of the New Testament are believed to have been written in the first century. It is agreed among Christians that the list of these books sum up to twenty seven books which constitute of the canonical gospels, Acts, letters of the Apostles, and revelation. Basically, the identification of these books as authoritative was solemnized in ...

The Collapse of Civilizations

As the humankind evolves and studies its past, it becomes increasingly clear that formerly grand civilizations must have faced serious issues resulting in their collapse. Many scientists argue about the nature of these problems that caused such terrible consequences. Nevertheless, it did happen in the past and, unfortunately, can happen again if the human beings will not learn the lesson from history. While there are different points of view on the reasons of collapse, the pivotal part remains the same: it is the inability of civilizations to adapt to new changes. Most common causes for des ...

Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainability

The change in the environment and climatic conditions may make the companies in the agribusiness sector adjust so as to enhance the sustainability of their businesses. As companies and farmers brace themselves for the future, it is vital that they adjust effectively in order to reduce the intensity of the current drought. Thus, super seeds may or may not safe the day. With the rise in the use of genetically modified foods, it is likely that companies can enhance the development of drought resistant crops that may make the future less bleak for the farmers. This is what scientists and genetic e ...

Taneisha’s Autobiography

Life is a path full of experiences, interactions and interrelations that involve people, institutions and incidences that in one way or the other, shapes up a person’s world view (Beckford, 2007). My life, like any other has gone through certain experiences that are unique hence responsible for my unique personality. In this paper, my autobiography is briefly highlighted, with specific intentional focus on experiences that are viewed as most significant in shaping my Christian world view. This varies from birth and family background, educational and religious upbringing, professional experienc ...

Terrorism and Effective Methods to Combat It

Terrorism is a subject of endless debates and one which evokes strong emotions and polarized opinions. This issue is often discussed and not very well understood in international relations. The definition of ‘terrorism’ is still lacking. One can find different definitions in various sources. The wide range of existing terrorism definitions highlights various motivations of the terrorist acts. Terrorism is threatening people with violent acts and damage. In the twenty-first century, it seems that terrorism is everywhere. Terrorism is often stated as one of the reasons for foreign laws and milit ...

The Biology of the Common Raven

Life on the planet depends primarily of the co-dependent relationship between all living creatures. There is no living organism in the universe that can exist in complete exile from other species without somehow interacting with them, would it be on the surface, in the water, or in the air. In addition, the social interactions are also vital for each representative of particular species. This paper aims at gathering information about the interactions of the Common Raven with other bird species. Based on the results of four different studies from scholarly periodicals presented in this work, th ...

Stress and Health

Stress has different meaning to different people. To some, it may be great breakdown in their lives, while to others; it may be used as a stepping stone to new opportunities in life. Therefore, stress is the intense feeling a person undergoes when faced with threatening situation or when in difficulties. A person under stress feels out of control ,he /she is tense ,he is not in any position to figure out where to direct his energy ,lacks proper concentration at work ,or in studies ,and pressure overweighs him so much. Stress represents the psychological and the physiological reaction to a diff ...

Emerging Enterprise Network Applications

Author: Kranthi Kumar Komakula INDEX Abstract Introduction Trends in Enterprise Application Collaboration in trends of enterprise applications Visibility in trends of enterprise applications Integration in trends of enterprise application Velocity in trends of enterprise application Flexibility in trends of enterprise application Enterprise at its application level Enterprise applications technological platforms and software applications Applications Software Providers Conclusion References Abstract The enterprises today have upgraded their applica ...