People are the main source of any organization and that is why it is hard to overestimate the role of the Human Resource Department. It deals with management of people within the company or organization. This department has many responsibilities, which are necessary to make all organizational processes working in an efficient and effective manner. The main task of the HR department is to hire employees, keeping them in the right position, which perform to expectations. It is responsible for the entire staff of the organization. The HR department figures out daily goals and plans the future development of the organization. The success of any business activity depends on the professional work of the Human Resource Department. Clarifying and setting organizational goals, the department involves more people to the company with the aim to achieve company`s goals and objectives.
The Importance of Human Resource Functions
Many experts consider that businesses are operating due to the various human resource functions. In order to support an enterprise, the organizational leaders must be concerned about the main functions, such as recruitment, manpower planning, employee evaluation, employee motivation, employee development, and employee services. In the textbook, Bohlander & Snell (2012) have shown how these seven functions of human resource must correlate with each other in order to provide better work. The comprehension of these knowledge and information is vital for any organization and its activity. In order to prevent different challenges at work places HR managers tend to implement all these functions into life in order to achieve the company`s objectives. It is important to realize that the human resource functions should work together in an appropriate manner.
According to the research, a company may have serious operational problems, if the human aspect of resources is not thoroughly taken into consideration (Bhagria, 2010). The organization is prone to receive eighty percent of its value because of an effective HR management system. If properly organized, the Human Resource Department is able to bring out the best in employees. The Human Resource management helps to organize employees in order to achieve the company`s objections and perspectives. Their contribution into the success of the company is hard to overestimate. It is worth mentioning that in current operations, the HR management does not always have expected results. Some scholars come to the conclusion that the HR roles have both positive and negative aspects. The available information stated that in most organization, the human resources functions must be in balance with other assets and resources. Every organizational leader realizes that his company`s success depends directly on the recruitment and retention of quality employees that will produce better productivity, enthusiasm and professional skills and experience. By utilizing all HR functions, the organization may attract more prospective employees.
Recruitment is one of the HR functions, which serves to maintain better planning and competitive strength. Every organizational leader realizes that recruitment is the backbone of the organizational strategy. Recruitment can be viewed as a link between the job candidates and the employers. The HR recruitment helps employers to select right employees for the organization in order to achieve its objectives. Competent human resources are a strategic advantage for the organization. Prospective employees are estimated by their education, personality traits and professional experiment (Cook & Gildner, 2006). Thus, recruiters try to find the best-skilled and talented people for the organization. Competent human resources are inevitable part of the organizational success. Recruitment has been usually listed as one of five areas of specialization within the Human Resource profession. It is considered to be one of the most fundamental roles of the HR department. The essential task of any organization is to select the most talented and skillful employees for the organization. Recruitment, therefore, involves evaluation of candidates in relation to the company`s needs and goals (Cook & Gildner, 2006).
Effective recruitment may be provided by different ways. For example, the organization can conduct psychological and educational measurements for candidates. These tests will help to evaluate candidates` skills, experience, personal characteristics and abilities. It is an important tool, which helps the organization to involve only those candidates, who can best fit the organizational specification and goals. Another method, which is widely used in most organizations, is the interview. Through the interview, the potential employees are asked questions that help the HR department to make a good desicion. Nowadays, many companies provide recruitment through their websites and it helps to involve more candidates. Oftentimes, companies have difficulties with recruitment. The HR department is not always able to coordinate and incorporate all the candidates in the adequate manner. The research asserts that the HR department may drain employees from certain overseas countries instead of training them in their own countries.
Manpower planning or the HR planning is another important human resource function. Its tasks are to involve the right number of people, as well as to find out the right time and place for the better organizational perspectives. It is important to estimate the situation and people that can coordinate with each other in a way, which can be favorable for the organization. The Human Resource planning is very important for any organization and has gained a special place in the process of industrialization. Many experts consider that manpower planning is an essential part of the company`s success (Bohlander & Snell, 2012). The proper human resource planning can be provided by certain procedures, such as developing employment and design programs, making future forecasts, and analyzing manpower inventory.
The HR department is responsible for manpower planning in the organization. It has to ensure the organization and its managers that they plan adequately for future engagements that may involve people. The role of manpower planning is to ensure employees that they are able to make their contribution into the company`s operation and success. The HR department must also ensures employees that the organization is neither too loose nor small in order to make them feel comfortable in the work places (Bohlander & Snell, 2012). They suppose to have good motivation in order to achieve the company`s objectives. The HR department is also responsible of planning future organizational goals and perspectives. These goals must be clarified to the employees for their future interaction and desire to achieve these goals and plans. People may produce better results, if they are aware of particular goals. Organizations with proper manpower planning are always more successful than those whose plans are not fixed.
Employee motivation is one of the major functions of the Human Resource Department. This is usually done through different rewards, which ensure employees that they are doing their job well. Rewards motivate employees for better work. There are a number of compensation packages that may be in the way of holiday offers, awards, equities, end of year bonuses, salary increments, and others (Bhagria, 2010). Employee motivation is an important HR function. Those organizational leaders, who realize the importance of motivation, will gain better results and achieve their objections in the future. Positive attitude to employees as well as positive approach to their work is good stimuli for future achievements.
Motivating employees is a difficult task, because this process touches several subjects, for example, such as psychology and ethics.. Though it is hard to estimate all disciplines that may influence upon motivation, the HR representatives must understand human nature. An understanding of this will lead to better interaction and communication between employees and organizational leaders. This can be effective employee motivation at work and therefore, effective leadership and management. Many scholars acknowledged that happy employees work more effectively and professionally. That is why those organizational leaders, who understand the importance of employee motivation, can achieve better results in the future.
It is worth mentioning other important HR functions, which can be rather essential for organizational leaders in the process of achieving their business goals. Thus, employee development is a very important HR function. Most business authorities agree that employee development is necessary in the process of achieving organizational goals and success. Business leaders are finding effective tools to active employee development. Different programs are implemented with the aim to contribute into future development of the company`s employees and the company as a whole. Well-developed employees with proper training and professional skills will help companies to succeed and make better profits. Moreover, employees may enjoy their work, what may lead to better results, and help the company to succeed.
In conclusion, it is worth mentioning that employees are the main source of any organization and that is why the role of the Human Resource Department is very important for the company`s success. It deals with management of people within the company or organization. This department has many responsibilities, which should make all organizational processes working in an efficient and effective manner. The main functions of the HR department include hiring employees, and keeping them in the right position, which perform to expectations. Moreover, it is responsible for the entire staff of the organization. The HR department figures out daily goals and plans the future development of the organization. The success of any business activity depends on the professional work of the Human Resource Department. Clarifying and setting organizational goals, the department involves more people to the company with the aim to achieve company`s goals and objectives.