Crisis intervention strategies can well be described as various methods used to provide effectively, short term support to those individuals that have experienced events that can bring mental, emotional, and even physiological instability or distress. A crisis can thence be defined as an occurrence that makes someone lose the ability to solve a problem or to cope with it in a sober manner. This paper covers the need for crisis intervention, have an overview of the future intervention trend, how the trend can to impact or influence the practice of crisis intervention within the human services field, challenges likely to be faced by the trend as a result of the impact and suggestions as to how a human service worker needs to deal with this trend proactively.
Crises can be broadly categorised into two groups based on their cause. There are natural crises or disasters, which occur naturally, and man has no control over their happenings such as earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis, hurricanes, floods among others. On the other hand, there are human based crises that arise from human actions such as violence, crime, rape, kidnap, loss of a loved one among others. The occurrence of the crises can easily lead the victims to the situation in which they will be unable to solve them suitably or cope with their aftermath. Therefore, there is a dire need to come up with an effective crisis intervention strategy that should be provided in well-structured, and in humanistic manner with close focus on individuality of the victim and the needs that the person requires.
Crisis intervention has got several objectives, one of which is the reduction of the extent of the victim’s reaction to a crisis that may be behavioural, physical or mental. Another aim is to help the victims go back to his or her normal state, disrupted during the crisis occurrence. This is possible through the use of variety of coping skills and eliminating ineffective coping skills. Ineffective coping skills eliminated would include withdrawal, substance abuse and even aloofness. This will help the victim to cope with such happenings in the future with relative ease. Prevention of long-term problems to the victim is easy when the victim opens up and talks about what happened. However, this depends on an individual as some victims could be open and talk about the crisis while others might not want to talk about it. The process of crisis intervention is, however, not suitable to people with longstanding problems.
A crisis intervention process takes place in some systematic stages. Initially, it is essential to conduct an assessment of the nature of the crisis, and how the victim responded to it. This proves remarkably vital since there are several patterns of response, those calls for different kinds of intervention mechanisms. People react differently to crises. One might decide to harm himself as a result, commit suicide, harm others and become dizzy or even panic a lot. The knowledge of this helps to assess the coping skills of the victim.
Current and future crisis intervention strategies, unlike in the past, need to incorporate education in its structure. This education should be aimed at equipping the victims with the several response mechanisms with the aim of preventing abnormal reactions to normal situations. This, therefore, entails equipping the victims with amicable coping skills of solving problems. Ways that an individual has been using to respond to a crisis could be enhanced during the education process. On the other hand, new coping skills could be encouraged. In this way, the individual gets the motivation to air out his concerns and fears instead of keeping them within.
Another future trend in crisis intervention is problem solving. This would involve problem understanding and statement of the changes desired and alternatives for solving a given situation. The merits and demerits of each solution could then be evaluated too.
Cognitive therapy is also another useful future trend in crisis intervention. It bases on the argument that thoughts have an influence on one’s feelings and behaviour and knowledge of this could be used in the intervention of crises. The final stage of this trend could review the changes made by the victim in order to deal with difficult life events more easily instead of keeping them inside of his mind.
The inception of the future trends in will thence bring a number of impacts in the crisis intervention within the human services field. One of the impacts it will have is the restructuring of the legislature of the crisis intervention in order to incorporate the future trends. On another hand, one social worker may not be adequate to meet all the requirements of a client, referrals, and community resources. It will hence require the helping hand of non-profit agencies in order to deliver these services.
The future trend in crisis intervention will also call for inclusion of trained professionals in the health sector, therapist and counsellors to attend to the victim’s needs. There will be need also to research for statistics in books and journals, to establish what has worked and also keeping the statistics in a database to establish where the trends are. For this matter, the future trends of crisis intervention shall no longer be a basic process only involving social workers but a well-structured process that shall integrate stakeholders from a number of carefully chosen fields (Roberts, 2005).
As a result of the impact that the restructuring of future trends in crisis intervention on deliver of human services, this trend will face a number of challenges in its implementation. To begin with there will be a need for permit from the legislatures to come up with laws that will see the swift structuring of these laws. In addition to these, establishment of the proposed counselling and referral centres for the victims of the crises will call for investment of money to construct and hire the required professionals.
There shall be dire need to carry out mass education on the people to try and change their mentality towards crisis intervention and resolution. The challenges that come along with this is that the people might be reserved and not want to share their past experiences about crisis intervention. This will make it tricky for the human service providers to exactly comprehend each position of a person and match a perfect solution or approach to the problem. Not all the people will also welcome the move to undergo education as others may just not be interested in the entire program. The social workers and other stakeholders shall also be entitled to enlighten the people on the need of peace and embrace social virtues with the goal of reducing cases of human based crimes such as rape, violence and crime. This is a long term solution to the problems that cause these crises.
In order to keep records of the previous crisis intervention methods, a database shall be established. This will help the professionals to relate the various cases they encounter with the way they were solved and documented for easy reference. To achieve this, there will be the challenge of acquiring up to date computer systems and information technology personnel to help accomplish this aim, and not forgetting the monetary price attached to this.
Various suggestions need to be put forward, to help human service worker proactively deal with this future trend in crisis intervention, as far as human service delivery system is concerned. To begin with, there is the need to establish referrals for clients in crisis intervention to reduce cost. Advocacy groups need to be established to help push serious issues trough legislature. To achieve financial empowerment, independent companies and businesses need to provide financial backing to execute these new trends. It is the sole role of the formed crisis intervention in order to bring awareness to the community. This will help to reduce the resistance faced from the individuals while trying to implement these trends, since a strong rapport shall have been established between the social workers and individuals (Roberts, 2005). The criminal, related crisis should be approached from a point of knowing an individual’s background and past record and also evaluating the mental position. By doing this, then, you can be able to address the underlying issues such as homelessness, substance abuse among others. Social workers need more communication skills; network with human service and other related firms to address these issues together (James & Gilliland, 2012).
To conclude, it is required to establish new trends in crisis intervention strategies that need to be executed to improve the human service delivery. Some crises as seen are natural hence their occurrence cannot be prevented. It thus becomes essential to come up with better crisis intervention. These trends may include cognitive therapy, problem solving technique, education among others. Moreover, these future trends as seen will have an impact on the entire practice of crisis intervention as stated in the document. Challenges shall as well be faced as a result of the impact ranging from financial, technical and also social challenges. Finally, suggestions are also given to help the social worker cope up with these emerging challenges to enable him or her proactively deal with the trend (James & Gilliland, 2012).