The History of the Personal Computer

In this era of computer technology, computers have a special place in human’s life. Someone is using computers for games, someone for training; some just loves to surf through Internet. But all these computers have a common structure and principles of operation, and accordingly, the history of development. The evolutionary process that led to creation of modern computers also remains extremely fast and dynamic. Scientists have deduced that the speed of processors doubles every 18 months! When you create a machine known as the “personal computer” you have to use a large number of discoveries ...

The Egyptian Empire

The Egyptian empire started as a simple unified kingdom in the year 3150BC by King Menes. This was the beginning of the rise of the Egyptian empire which was followed by a series of dynasties. The reign of King Menes was succeeded by Semitic Hykos (Andrea and Overfield 55). The New Kingdom began with the 18th dynasty facilitating the rise of Egypt to an international power. This empire expanded to cover the southern parts of Tombos. In the eastern side, the empire covers Levant. During this period, the most considerable pharaohs amongst Thutsome III, Hatshepsut and Nefertiti. The first most at ...

The Black Slavery in America

Black slavery in America began in 1619, when the first African slaves were brought to Jamestown, Virginia to work on plantations of tobacco. It was widely spread through English colonies in the 17th and 18th centuries and existed more than 200 years. African slaves were the main labor force that helped to build the economy of the American nation. Initially, New England had the fewest amount of black slaves, because the residents, who were primarily Puritans, preferred to work on land themselves. Later, however, Puritans were dominating in the slave trade. The British colonies legalized black ...

The Impressionism Movement

The Impressionism movement started in the 19th century around 60th and lasted for about twenty years. Impressionist made exhibitions in the salons and were condemned by the artists who adhere to classicism in everything. Nature was an inspiration for everyone who developed Impressionism. Artists became ready to go out of their studios to the countryside and paint en plein air. According to Edouard Manet, there are no lines in nature, only areas of color, one against another. He was the first who tried to show the art from a different perspective. Nevertheless, the influence of the Old School ...

Jack the Ripper Murder Case

Nearly 125 years ago the British press was shocked by a series of bloody killings of prostitutes. Brutal crimes took place in the Whitechapel, East London. Identity of the killer still remains undetermined. Maniac was nicknamed Jack the Ripper. Name originates from a signature to the letter sent to the Central News Agency, the author of which has claimed to be responsible for the killings. Many experts consider a letter as a forgery created by journalists for keeping public interest on the boil. Nicknames “Leather Apron” and “The Whitechapel Murderer” were also used for this criminal. Brief De ...

Political Spectrum

The year between 1865-1877, in the U.S history was the period of readjustment following the end of civil war. President Lincoln began the tasks of restoration and reconstruction of U.S. Lincoln issued a declaration of amnesty and reconstruction for those areas of the confederacy occupied by union armies. He offered amnesty to any confederate who would pledge to defend the constitution and the union. Johnson who was Lincoln’s successor, antagonist to his predecessor, he publicly insisted that all rebellion were to be punished, His amnesty proclamation of 1965 was more severe that Lincoln’s (Sta ...

State Legislature

Different states implement day-fine systems differently. Based on several aspects, mostly, the fine associated with these sentences will be determined by two factors, one is the degree of the offence it self and the other is the financial ability of the victim. Like in Europe, day-fines have applied by choice in most cases. As name suggests, day-fines has its description from the consideration of the convict’s income ability on daily basis, which applies as the foundation of determining the amount payable. Deliberate systems of day-fines have laid down guidelines. Because of its effectiveness ...

The History of Conquest

The history of conquest is disturbing. During conquest, imperial powers used their might to subject weak territories to suffering. The powers achieved their goals by exploiting the poor societies. Put differently, the mighty powers used every means to plunder the economies of the poor for their selfish gains. At the initial stages, the powers came in using friendlier approaches before adopting ways to rein on new territories. In the following essay, the Spanish conquest of the Indies is put into perspective. American History to 1877 The Indies was discovered in 1492. In the subsequent year, so ...

The History of the Ku Klux Klan in America

The Ku Klux Klan, which is unofficially referred to as the Klan, defines three individual far-right organizations acting across the territory of the United States of America. These organisatons have conducted and still support radical actions including supremacy of the white people, anti-immigration, and white nationalism, which was rendered into fierce terrorism. The Ku Klux Klan’s discriminating positions are not stable and are often being broadened by some new spheres of social expression which the members of the organization find utterly controversial with their principles and beliefs. Thu ...

Terrorism in the 21st Century

Terrorism in the 21st century is very different than terrorism in the 20th century. In the past, acts of terrorism, which can be defined as attacks on civilian targets rather than military targets, were often committed as part of a campaign of independence or to achieve a nationalist goal. They were often geographically limited and did not cause large-scale civilian casualties. Today, terrorism is a global threat motivated by a very different ideology and is much more deadly. It truly is a scourge—one that haunts leaders and policymakers around the world. In the course of this essay I will ex ...