Introduction to the middle ages

The dark ages? So much of what the average person knows, or thinks they know, about the Middle Ages comes from film and tv. When I polled a group of well-educated friends on Facebook, they told me that the word “medieval” called to mind Monty Python and the Holy Grail, Blackadder, The Sword in the Stone, lusty wenches, feasting, courtly love, the plague, jousting and chain mail. Roman de la Rose, M. 948, fol. 12r, 16th century (Morgan Library and Museum, New York) Perhaps someone who had seen (or better yet read) The ...

Zulu People

During the early eighteenth century, a major clan formed in the northeastern coasts of South Africa. Originally, this was a tribe of hunters and gatherers. It was a clan that managed to grow rapidly, and by the end of the century (and the beginning of the nineteenth century), consolidated into becoming a powerful state. This clan, which formed in South Africa, called itself Zulu; its establishment as a state came during King Shaka’s reign. The Zulu’s consolidation as a state came with horticulture, which for almost two hundred years has been its primary form of subsistence. Horticulture, howev ...

World War Memorials in Washington D.C.

Each war has devastating and destroying consequences for the entire nation. Wars are not easy to survive, and are hard to recall and to talk about, especially for those people who have lived during that difficult time. Thankful to the soldiers and war veterans we live now in a free and successful country. We all owe our veterans and the least we can do for them is to remember their act of bravery and to know and respect the history of that times. A simple word of thanks to the veteran or the family member for his or her sacrifice, participation in the social programs for veterans or simply vis ...

World War II and British Fashion

Fashion is a fickle thing that undergoes changes under the influence of many factors such as politics, economics, situation in the country and in the world, culture, science, and the development of new technologies. The concept “fashion” means a process of changes in the style of clothes and image of a person. Looking at the styles of clothes of people, it is possible to reveal their social status, moral values prevailing in the society, and their cultural background. Through fashion, one can reflect all the achievements of the mankind, its progress, and regress. Nobody denies the fact that ...

World Lingua Franca

According to Barber (2000) it is estimated that the world has 300 million native English speakers and another 300 million who use the language as a second language. In addition to this there are another 100 million people worldwide who use the language as a foreign language. English has gained great importance in the, present world. There is no doubt that English enjoys a prestigious position in the present day world affairs. It is the language used computing, science tourism, aviation and diplomacy. The language is listed as the official language in over 45 countries worldwide and also spoken ...

Women Suffrage Movement

History says that since the period of independence, American women were deprived from voting right. Actually, the movement for woman suffrage was commenced in the early 19th century during the confrontation against slavery. Several women including as Lucretia Mott exposed an ardent interest in the antislavery movement and demonstrated to be estimable public speakers. She exposed the probability of women to partake in local, state and federal elections. In spite of the way of the Fifteenth Amendment (which proscribed state and federal governments from ignoring citizens the ballot on the grounds ...

Women’s Roles in History

From early colonial times through the mid 1800s, the American history has witnessed impressive victories and tragic failures of women in their fight for equal rights. At times, the cultural context defines the roles of women in society and inspires a feeling of liberation, while, in other times, the American cultural conditions made equal rights not only impossible for women, but forbidden. However, all the failures and victories of American women have determined the course to women’s liberation. The Nineteenth Amendment gave women the right to vote. No doubt, it was a glorious victory and a g ...

Women. Historical Figures

The essential moment for understanding the highest forms of public life is explanation of that circumstance that women were equal to men both in politics, culture and private life. Elizabeth I Elizabeth I (1533-1603) was the Queen of England and Ireland. Nobody wanted the birth of Elizabeth I. She was 25 at the moment of her coronation. Up to the end of her life, Elizabeth I neither married officially, nor had children. The time of reign of Elizabeth I is called “the Golden Age of England”, because of the increased value of England on the world scene, and the blossoming of Renaissance culture. ...

Who is Florence Nightingale?

Florence Nightingale was born in the family of William Nightingale, a wealthy landowner, on May 12th, 1820 in Florence, Italy. Florence Nightingale was a nurse and a public health advocate. She is as well known as the modern nursing profession pioneer. Her family moved to England giving her a British nationality. Her family was made up of intellectual freethinkers who supported women’s education. Thus, her father, William Nightingale, who received his education at the Trinity College, taught Florence and her sister mathematics, Greek and Latin. He also provided them with university education b ...

Wedding Images of the Renaissance

The renaissance period is alive in present day, in the form of photos. The photography captures the moments in an exceptionally clear way giving the real representation of the times of the renaissance period. One of the most essential components of this period is the wedding ceremony. Weddings are clearly represented in the photography. For example in one of the paintings of Botticelli known by the name “Primavera,” the main theme is a wedding ceremony believed to have been painted to show the wedding celebration in of one Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco in the year 1482. The picture Primavera shows ...