The founding fathers of the US were suspicious of a strong central government (Zinn, 2003). Thomas Jefferson and James Madison were somehow opposed to federal government. It is for this reason that Jefferson, when he was elected the third president of the US, tried to destroy the federal government. He was in favor of a united state. After independence, there was an establishment of nonfederal congress. However, powers were limited in issues of economic, military and other areas after the Philadelphia convention that gave the central government more powers than the federal states.

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In political philosophy, “progressivism” refers to a movement that advocated for political, social, economic and other changes in ideologies (Kutler, 2003). It is a kind of an orientation towards politics. In late 19th century and the beginning of 20th century, the progressive movement began to attract large numbers of workers and reformers. They felt that their harsh condition was because of weak government and they were determined to break the government. Theodore Roosevelt founded the Progressive Party in 1912. When he became the president, he helped to enact legislations that seemed progressive making him a popular advocate of other concepts of progress including environmental and social justice issues.

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The federal government in the US has the power to correct revenue for development and enact its own legislations in compliance with the US constitution. However, the central government has exclusive power to print currency and enter into treaties. There is an interference with the exercise of powers that are neither delegated to the national nor to the federal government.