Explain the benefits of recycling using costly standards versus no standards at all. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (2004) says that benefits of recycling using costly standards presents a major challenge to recycling plants. This is because the collection and transport costs are high because the items are bulky and often they to be transported to log distances hence processing costs are high. Waldmann & Stocker (2007) says that recycling using standards contributes to long term social, environmental as well as financial sustainability. This also implies that meeting the requirements of the regulations means increased cost (Waldmann & Stocker, 2007).
A major benefit of recycling with no standards is that the manufacturers will not have adverse effects that may result from the regulations and this can in turn increase their profit margins (Waldmann & Stocker, 2007). It has also been noted that with no recycling standards in place the net cost of recycling are lower when the products are easier to disassemble. According to Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (2004) effective recycling standards are difficult and costly to design, implement and enforce and therefore this is also reflected in the cost of recycling using standards.
Discuss how effective we are recycling a particular item, both good and bad. Our effectiveness in the recycling of e-waste is mostly based on if we are in developing or industrialized countries. In industrialized countries e-waste recycling is based on strict policies and this has helped them to advance their recycling standards. In some developed countries communities pay recycling fees to for example preprocessors. This fee provides further evidence on the strict policies put in place and also implies how the effective the countries are in e-waste recycling.
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (2004) established that the cost of electronic collection and recycling programs suggest that the benefits of such programs need to be high to cover current costs. This in turn will increase our effectiveness of recycling a particular item for example CRTs. For example Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (2004) mentioned that the benefits of recycling CRTs fall far short the costs, and therefore this reduces our effectiveness of recycling them. Therefore we should look at several policy options to reduce disposal of CRTs and find out if these options would increase disposal costs and at the same time increase our effectiveness.
Waldmann & Stocker concluded that recycling of e-waste can provide solutions to both problems and help in building a resource-efficient and environmentally friendly society (2007). Waldmann & Stocker (2007) continue to say that based on the analysis of the e-waste recycling industry a financially viable and environmentally sound e-waste recycling system should be designed and implemented. This will in turn reduce the effects of e-waste in the air, land and water hence making a good environment for both man and other creatures.